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Top > Science > Math > Mathematicians 


Huygens, Christiaan (16291695)  Dutch physicist who was the leading proponent of the wave theory of Light, was also the mentor of Leibniz in math and mechanics. Woltman, George  GIMPS The Great Internet Mersenne Prime Search  GIMPS is dedicated to a rigorous search for new Mersenne primes. Our goal is to test every Mersenne number with an exponent less than 20,500,000. Joyce  David Joyce's Home Page  Associate Professor of Mathematics and Computer Science, Clark University, Worcester, MA, 01610. Ph.D. Mathematics, University of Pennsylvania, 1979. Research interests: mathematics and computer science. Rota, GianCarlo (19321999)  Memorial site. Buffon  GeorgesLouis Leclerc, Comte de Buffon (17071788)  Proposed the Buffon's Needle Problem, which asks the probability that a needle of length l will fall on a line when a piece of paper is ruled with parallel lines a distance d apart. Clifford A. Pickover's Home Page  Clifford A. Pickover Page on Creativity and the Mind, Computer Art, and More. Cohen, Don  The MATHMAN  What parents, teachers, kids, Martin Gardner, Morris Klein, W.W. Sawyer, the MAA, the ASCD, Kodansha, Mary Pride in her 'Big Book of Home Learning', The Home Schooling magazine say about Don's materials Kanada  Yasusi Kanada's Hub Page  Papers on information extraction, search and organization. Explanation of selfreproductive Web page. CCM (Chemical Casting Model) is a model for emergent computation. Merriman  Barry Merriman  Genetics, Nuclear fusion energy ( UCLA , UCSD), Software for modeling complex fluid flows Numerical Methods Somos  Michael Somos at CSU Home Page  Interested in mathematics and computers, particularly software like Linux and Forth, Four Color Theorem, knot theory, Somos Polynomials, rational triangles, the busy beaver Turing Machine contest. Plouffe  Page Maison de Simon Plouffe's Home Page  Plouffe's Inverter : 85 million constants online, latest records of computations of constants, Identities for Zeta(2*n+1) found using LLL algorithm inspired by Ramanujan Notebooks Fields, John Charles  brief biography with links to information about the Fields medal Krawtchouk Polynomials and Krawtchouk's Biography  Krawtchouk polynomials properties, applications, bibliography M.Krawtchouk's biography  instructive reading not only for mathematicians but for all who are interested in Soviet history. The Fuller Map  A study of the comprehensive designer Buckminster Fuller, an outstanding character of the 20th century, and a kind of practical visionary. Kurt Mahler 19031988  Biography at Australian Academy of Science. Ganitanjali: Scholar In India  An appreciation of the life of this mathematics teacher and researcher: "...a smartly dressed tall gentleman wearing panchakatcham dhoti, coat and turban, with a permanent smile on his face and kindness in his eyes." Kronecker  Leopold Kronecker (18231891)  Primary contributions were in the theory of equations and higher algebra; elliptic functions, theory of algebraic equations, and the theory of algebraic numbers. Ramanujan, Srinivasa  Life, events, achievements, chronology of this mathematical genius. Fisher  Ronald Aylmer Fisher (18901962)  Made important discoveries in statistics (eg. maximum likelihood), genetics, selection and (genetic) dominance. It could be said that he invented a large part of modern statistics. Eratosthenes (276?196? BC)  Greek mathematician, astronomer, geographer, and poet, who measured the circumference of the earth with extraordinary accuracy The History of Mathematics  History of Mathematics archive at the School of Mathematics, Trinity College, Dublin. Möbius  August Ferdinand Möbius (17901868)  best known for his work in topology, especially for his conception of the Möbius strip, a two dimensional surface with only one side. Hamilton  Sir William Rowan Hamilton (18051865)  Characteristic Function in Optics, General Method in Dynamics, Equations of the Fifth Degree, Quaternions Neumann, John von (19031957)  built a solid framework for quantum mechanics, worked in game theory, pioneers of computer science, von Neumann algebras, development of the hydrogen bomb Poincare  Henri Poincare (18541912)  ounded the modern qualitative theory of dynamical systems, created topology, The Problem of Three Bodies and the Equations of Equilibrium, the first signs of Chaos Lanczos  Cornelius Lanczos (18931974)  Home page of the Cornelius Lanczos Collected Published Papers with Commentaries. Keith, Michael  Mike Keith's World of Words, Numbers, and Notes  A puzzlepoem, Alphametic puzzles, numerical chess problem, Polygonal Pi Patterns, The Number of the Beast 666 Taylor, Brook (16851731)  Invented the method for expanding functions in terms of polynomials about an arbitrary point known as Taylor Series, Taylor series were a generalization of the Maclaurin Series. Diophantus of Alexandria (c. 200284 )  Best known for his Arithmetica, a work on the theory of numbers, a collection of 130 problems giving numerical solutions of determinate equations. NAPIER  JOHN NAPIER (15501617)  PHILOSOPHER and MATHEMATICIAN, INVENTOR of LOGARITHMS, INVENTOR of the DECIMAL POINT. Tartaglia  Niccolo Fontana known as Tartaglia (14991557)  Few European mathematicians of the 16th century had been as directly affected by war, In 1512 he received a facial wound during the sack of Brescia by the French. Left with a speech defect he adopted the nickname of Tartaglia ('stammerer'). Briggs, Henry (15611630)  His work in mathematics was devoted to making computation more easy, known for his publication of tables of logarithms to the base 10, first Logarithmorum chilias prima, 1617, and later Arithmetica logarithmetica, 1624. Remus Floricel's Home Page  Some information about operator algebras. Argand  Jean Robert Argand (17681822)  Accountant, amateur mathematician, famed for his geometrical interpretation of the complex numbers where i is interpreted as a rotation through 90, gave concept of the modulus of a complex number. Offner  Carl Offner  Includes: 1. Expository papers in mathematics and computer science. 2. A critique of dumbing down of mathematics and science education, as proposed by Theodore Sizer and some other educational theorists. Viète  Francois Viète (15401603)  Introduced the first systematic algebraic notation, during the war with Spain (1590), Viète served Henry IV of France and deciphered the Spanish code in intercepted messages. Edmund Landau and the Hebrew University  The story of Landau's relations with the justfounded Hebrew University: an intricate drama, in which academic considerations were mixed with questions of power and prestige. Ackermann, Wilhelm (18961962)  Wilhelm Ackermann was a mathematical logician who worked with Hilbert in Göttingen. See Ackermann's function in today's textbooks. Bernoulli, Daniel (17001782)  Most important work considered the basic properties of fluid flow, pressure, density and velocity, and gave their fundamental relationship now known as Bernoulli's principle. Poncelet  Jean Victor Poncelet (17881867)  His development of the pole and polar lines associated with conics led to the principle of duality, applied mechanics to improve turbines and waterwheels more than doubling the efficiency of the waterwheel. Dirichlet  Johann Peter Gustav Lejeune Dirichlet (18051859)  Proved that in any arithmetic progression with first term coprime to the difference there are infinitely many primes, units in algebraic number theory, ideals, proposed the modern definition of a function. Erlang, Agner Krarup (18781929)  Early telecom theorist, after whom a unit of measurement and a programming language are named. Noll  Landon Curt Noll's home page  Chongo, prime, Mersenne, computer, programmer, calc, lavarand, number theory, crytography, crytoplogy, Usenet, INN, bio, biography, vita, resume. Pearson, Karl (18571936)  Applied statistics to biological problems of heredity and evolution. Claude Shannon (19162001)  Obituary from The Times of London. Shannon is known for having singlehandedly laid down the general rules of modern information theory. Jacobi, Carl Gustav Jacob (18041851)  Elliptic functions, determinant theory, theory of numbers, theory of both ordinary and partial differential equations, the calculus of variations, the threebody problem, and other dynamical problems. Banach  The Life of Stefan Banach (18921945)  Review of Roman Kaluza's 1996 book The Life of Stefan Banach Bessel  Friedrich Wilhelm Bessel (17841846)  Catalogued stars, predicted a planet beyond Uranus as well as the existence of dark stars, investigated Johann Kepler's problem of heliocentricity, and systematized the mathematical functions involved, which now bear his name. Noether, Max (18441921)  One of the leaders of nineteenth century algebraic geometry. Birkhoff  George David Birkhoff (18841944)  First dynamicist in the New World, picked up where Poincare left off, created a rigorous theory of ergodic behavior, and foresaw dynamical models for chaos. Weierstraß  Karl Weierstraß (18151897)  German mathematician who is considered the father of modern Analysis. His father enrolled him in law school, where Weierstraß majored in fencing and beerdrinking. He left without his degree. De Morgan  Augustus De Morgan (1806 1871)  Important innovator in the field of logic, developed De Morgan's rule to determine the convergence of a mathematical series. Machin, John (16801751)  Machin's Method of Approximating Pi, PI = 16 arctan(1/5)  4 arctan(1/239). Noether  Emmy Amalie Noether (18821935)  Best known for her contributions to abstract algebra, in particular, her study of chain conditions on ideals of rings, father was Max Noether. Stirling, James (16921770)  Studied infinite series, summation, interpolation and quadrature. Peano, Giuseppe (18581932)  Pioneer in mathematical logic and axiomatization of mathematics, important discoveries in the field of analysis, leading authoritie on auxiliary languages. Chebyshev  Pafnuty Lvovich Chebyshev (18211894)  Work on prime numbers included the determination of the number of primes not exceeding a given number, wrote an important book on the theory of congruences, proved that there was always at least one prime between n and 2n for n > 3. Stokes  George Gabriel Stokes (18191903)  Established the science of hydrodynamics with his law of viscosity. Seki  Takakazu Seki Kowa (16421708)  Born into a samurai warrior family, Seki derives from the noble family who adopted him, an infant prodigy in mathematics, selfeducated in mathematics, known as 'The Arithmetical Sage', a term which is carved on his tombstone. Marvin Minsky  Features texts, interviews, excerpts, and a bibliography going back to his Bachelors thesis in mathematics at Harvard. Simpson, Thomas (17101761)  Best remembered for his work on interpolation and numerical methods of integration, first job was as a weaver, taught mathematics privately, write texts on mathematics. Kustaa Inkeri, Portrait of a Mathematician  Kustaa Inkeri is the author of significant papers on number theory, especially on topics related to Fermat's Last Theorem. Finnish mathematicians know Inkeri as the founder of the school of number theory in Finland. Russell  Bertrand Russell (18721970)  British philosopher, logician, essayist, and renowned peace advocate. Severi  Francesco Severi (18791961)  His most important contributions are to algebraic geometry, work on enumerative geometry and birational geometry of surfaces. Jordan  Marie Ennemond Camille Jordan (18381922)  Introduced important topological concepts in 1866, was particularly interested in the theory of finite groups. L'Hospital  Guillaume François Antoine l'Hospital, Marquis de St.Mesme (16611704)  Put together the first treatise on calculus, published in 1696 under the title Analyse des infiniment petits. Lie  Sophus Lie (18421899)  His study of contact transformations arising from partial differential equations led him to develop Lie groups. This is now a central part of 20thcentury mathematics, important in quantum theory. Memories of Professor Kenkichi Iwasawa  by Ralph Greenberg Pan Chengdong (19341997)  A short obituary. Goldbach, Christian (16901764)  Did important work in number theory, much of it in correspondence with Euler, best remembered for his conjecture that every even integer greater than 2 can be represented as the sum of two primes. Ivan Niven (19151999)  A brief obituary. Riemann,Georg Friedrich Bernhard Riemann (18261866)  Biography and publications. Eratosthenes Hub  Links to information and resources for Eratosthenes. Profiles of Three Mathematicians  Profiles of N.I. Muskhelishvili, N.E.Joukovsky and Horace Lamb. Descartes: The Renaissance Man (1596  1650)  An imaginary conversation with Rene Descartes on his philosophies and ideas. An interesting way to understand a great mathematician. Lebesgue  Henri Léon Lebesgue (18751941)  Formulated the theory of measure in 1901 and in 1902 gave the definition of the Lebesgue integral. Lambert  Johann Heinrich Lambert (1728  1777)  In a memoir in 1768 on transcendental magnitudes he proved that pi is incommensurable. John Knopfmacher (19371999)  A brief obituary. Gauss, Johann Carl Friedrich (17771855)  One of the alltime greats, Gauss began to show his mathematical brilliance at the early age of seven. He is usually credited with the first proof of The Fundamental Theorem of Algebra. Lipschitz  Rudolf Otto Sigismund Lipschitz (18321903)  Worked on quadratic differential forms and mechanics. His work on the HamiltonJacobi method for integrating the equations of motion of a general dynamical system led to important applications in celestial mechanics. Hesse  Ludwig Otto Hesse (18111874)  Main work was in the development of the theory algebraic functions and the theory of invariants. He introduced the Hessian determinant in a paper in 1842 during an investigation of cubic and quadratic curves. Whitehead  Alfred North Whitehead (18611947)  British mathematician, logician and philosopher, in collaboration with Bertrand Russell, authored the landmark threevolume Principia Mathematica (1910, 1912, 1913). Weyl  Hermann Weyl (18851955)  The greatest mathematician of his generation, Weyl made major contributions to Quantum Mechanics and Relativity Theory, and created a new branch of mathematics by uniting function theory and geometry, worked with Einstein. Moivre  Abraham de Moivre (16671754)  Pioneer in PROBABILITY theory and TRIGONOMETRY, discovered the approximation of the BINOMIAL DISTRIBUTION known as the NORMAL DISTRIBUTION. He also investigated mortality statistics, devised DE MOIVRE'S THEOREM. Cauchy, Augustin Louis (17891857)  Cauchy contributed to almost every branch of mathematics. He is probably best known for his important contributions to real and complex analysis. Jaime Escalante  Biography of a wonderful math teacher of inner city high schoolers in East Los Angeles. Van Ceulen, Ludolph (15401610)  Famed for his calculation of pi to 35 places, engraved on his memorial in the Pieterkerk, Leiden.

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